Publication Date

Fall 2018

Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Education



First Advisor

Katherine M. Atkins, Ph.D.

Second Advisor

Larry Maucieri, Ph.D.

Third Advisor

Quincy Paden


The aim of this study was to see if there was a relationship between Black male college graduates and non-graduates’ racial identity. This study also sought to see if there was a relationship between Black male college graduates and Black male non-graduates’ resilience. Black people were not always afforded the opportunity to attend higher education, but the civil rights movement assisted with the abolishment of unfair laws that supported exclusion and segregation in the educational system. Since then, college enrollment has increased for Black people in America in both PWIS and HBCUs, but there exists a large gap in college completion between Black males, other races and the opposite sex.

This is a problem because at times, education serves as a barrier to social-mobilization for Black men. Black men face many risk factors from America’s social political environment which has influenced negative self-esteem and identity. Studies have associated negative identity with impaired functioning in college, however, there are Black men who succeed and graduate college. Racial identity and college completion theorists stated that identity and resilience are associated with each other and are essential for Black males who are seeking to graduate college. Therefore, this quantitative study examined the racial identity and resilience of Black male college students who have completed college and who did not complete. Results showed that there was no significant relationship between neither racial identity or resilience between Black male College graduates and Black male non-graduates. Results are further discussed in later chapters.


Appendix B (The Connor Davidson Resilience Scale CD-RISC 10) and the Cross Racial Identity Scale CRS also known as Cross Social Attitude Scale) was removed from the dissertation prior to public posting due to intellectual property rights.