Publication Date

Summer 2022

Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Education



First Advisor

Kent B. Provost, Ph.D.

Second Advisor

Patricia Robey, Ed.D.

Third Advisor

Byron Waller, Ph.D

Fourth Advisor

Lillian Felton, Ed.D.


Prior to the 1950s, most women did not have a career, and instead would marry, have children, and become stay-at-home mothers (Brykman, 2016; Coontz, 2016; Friedan, 1997). Since the 1950s, more mothers began careers, causing them to struggle with feeling obligated to take care of their children and experiencing guilt for taking time away from their family (Allabaugh, 2013; Blair-Loy, 2003; Friedan, 1997; Gilbert, 2008; Norr, 2011; Trepal & Stinchfield, 2012; Ward & Wolf-Wendel, 2004). The focus in this dissertation was to study the experience of mothers who worked toward tenure and held a Council for Accreditation of Counseling and Related Educational Programs (CACREP) doctorate in counselor education and supervision (CES). Results showed some of the mothers working toward tenure found it difficult to manage both childcare and household duties due to the high demands of their careers. Work-life balance played an important role in preventing bumout and feelings of guilt.