Author/ Authors/ Presenter/ Presenters/ Panelists:

Brianna Fields, Governors State UniversityFollow

Start Date

4-12-2019 4:00 PM

End Date

4-12-2019 6:00 PM

Abstract

ABSTRACT

Background/Purpose: Over 2 million people in the United States are injured each year in motor vehicle accidents (MVA) and experience subsequent low back pain (LBP). The purpose of this retrospective case report is to present the evidence and clinical reasoning behind a Mechanical Diagnosis and Treatment (MDT)-based physical therapy plan of care for a patient with LBP post-MVA.

Case Description: The patient was a 31-year-old African-American female with LBP after a MVA. The patient’s goals for physical therapy were to reduce pain with functional activities such as sitting, standing, walking, and return to pain-free function in duties such as caring for her young child and working as a web producer.

Outcomes: After 8-weeks in therapy, the patient demonstrated improvements in LBP, increased lumbar active range of motion (AROM), increased lower extremity muscle strength, and improvements on the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI).

Discussion: This case report suggests that MDT-based physical therapy intervention may be used to treat a patient with LBP post-MVA. This is demonstrated by improvements in LBP, AROM, lower extremity muscle strength, and the ODI.

Keywords: Mechanical diagnosis and treatment, low back pain, physical therapy, motor vehicle accident

Faculty / Staff Sponsor

Roberta K. O'Shea, PT, PhD

Presentation File

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Apr 12th, 4:00 PM Apr 12th, 6:00 PM

The Use of Mechanical Diagnosis and Treatment and Physical Therapy Intervention in a 31-year-old Female with Low Back Pain After a Motor Vehicle Accident: A Retrospective Case Report

ABSTRACT

Background/Purpose: Over 2 million people in the United States are injured each year in motor vehicle accidents (MVA) and experience subsequent low back pain (LBP). The purpose of this retrospective case report is to present the evidence and clinical reasoning behind a Mechanical Diagnosis and Treatment (MDT)-based physical therapy plan of care for a patient with LBP post-MVA.

Case Description: The patient was a 31-year-old African-American female with LBP after a MVA. The patient’s goals for physical therapy were to reduce pain with functional activities such as sitting, standing, walking, and return to pain-free function in duties such as caring for her young child and working as a web producer.

Outcomes: After 8-weeks in therapy, the patient demonstrated improvements in LBP, increased lumbar active range of motion (AROM), increased lower extremity muscle strength, and improvements on the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI).

Discussion: This case report suggests that MDT-based physical therapy intervention may be used to treat a patient with LBP post-MVA. This is demonstrated by improvements in LBP, AROM, lower extremity muscle strength, and the ODI.

Keywords: Mechanical diagnosis and treatment, low back pain, physical therapy, motor vehicle accident