April 9 - Friday

Event Title

Both artificial root exudates and natural Koelreuteria paniculata exudates modify bacterial community structure and enhance phenanthrene biodegradation in contaminated soils

Start Date

4-9-2021 2:00 PM

End Date

4-9-2021 2:30 PM

Abstract

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are environmental pollutants that represent a serious threat to the health of humans and ecosystems. The effects of plant root and artificial root exudates (ARE) on the biodegradation of phenanthrene (PHE) and their impact on soil bacterial community structure was the focus of this work using four treatments for 180 days. Treatments included; control treatment (CK), low concentration of ARE (AREL), high concentration of ARE (AREH), and planting Koelreuteria paniculata saplings (KOE). The diversity and composition of soil bacterial community were analyzed using high throughput sequencing. The results showed that KOE treatments had the most significant effect on the biodegradation of PHE compared to controls. ARE treatments had the similar effects on the biodegradation of PHE in soil with high efficiency in AREH than AREL. Both KOE and ARE treatments reduced diversity of bacterial community but increased the abundance of PAHs degrading bacterial populations within representative phyla, including Proteobacteria and Firmicutes. During the study, the total bacterial OTUs showed the number of unique genus types initially increased, then lowered in the later stages of the incubation process. Specific bacterial populations enriched by the treatments and supported by the exudates seemed to determine the biodegradation of PHE and not the overall bacterial diversity.

Wang J, Chen X, Yan W, Ning C, Gsell T. Both artificial root exudates and natural Koelreuteria paniculata exudates modify bacterial community structure and enhance phenanthrene biodegradation in contaminated soils. Chemosphere. 2021 Jan;263:128041. doi: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2020.128041. Epub 2020 Aug 19. PMID: 32854013.

Presentation File

wf_no

Share

COinS
 
Apr 9th, 2:00 PM Apr 9th, 2:30 PM

Both artificial root exudates and natural Koelreuteria paniculata exudates modify bacterial community structure and enhance phenanthrene biodegradation in contaminated soils

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are environmental pollutants that represent a serious threat to the health of humans and ecosystems. The effects of plant root and artificial root exudates (ARE) on the biodegradation of phenanthrene (PHE) and their impact on soil bacterial community structure was the focus of this work using four treatments for 180 days. Treatments included; control treatment (CK), low concentration of ARE (AREL), high concentration of ARE (AREH), and planting Koelreuteria paniculata saplings (KOE). The diversity and composition of soil bacterial community were analyzed using high throughput sequencing. The results showed that KOE treatments had the most significant effect on the biodegradation of PHE compared to controls. ARE treatments had the similar effects on the biodegradation of PHE in soil with high efficiency in AREH than AREL. Both KOE and ARE treatments reduced diversity of bacterial community but increased the abundance of PAHs degrading bacterial populations within representative phyla, including Proteobacteria and Firmicutes. During the study, the total bacterial OTUs showed the number of unique genus types initially increased, then lowered in the later stages of the incubation process. Specific bacterial populations enriched by the treatments and supported by the exudates seemed to determine the biodegradation of PHE and not the overall bacterial diversity.

Wang J, Chen X, Yan W, Ning C, Gsell T. Both artificial root exudates and natural Koelreuteria paniculata exudates modify bacterial community structure and enhance phenanthrene biodegradation in contaminated soils. Chemosphere. 2021 Jan;263:128041. doi: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2020.128041. Epub 2020 Aug 19. PMID: 32854013.