Article Formatting Requirements

Formatting Guidelines for Authors

Title Page

Please ensure that your title page contains the following information.


The title should be concise and informative.

Author information

  • The name(s) of the author(s)
  • The affiliation(s) of the author(s), i.e., institution (department), city, (state), country
  • A clear indication of an active e-mail address for the corresponding author.
  • If address information is provided with the affiliation(s) it may also be published.


    Please provide an abstract of 150 to 250 words. The abstract should not contain any undefined abbreviations or unspecified references.


    Please provide 4 to 6 keywords to be used for indexing purposes.

    Statement and Declarations

    The following statements should be included under the heading "Statements and Declarations" for inclusion in the published paper.

  • Competing Interests: Authors are required to disclose financial or non-financial interests that are directly or indirectly related to the word submitted for publication.
  • Funding: If the work has been funded by a grant or other scholarship, authors should include such information.
  • Text Formatting

    Manuscripts must be submitted in Word. In addition, all manuscripts must align with APA Style rules, including:

  • Double-spacing throughout (abstract, body, text, references)
  • 12-point, Times New Roman font
  • 1-inch margins
  • Use automatic page numbering function to number the pages.
  • Use the table function, not spreadsheets, to make tables.
  • Save your file in a .docx format (Word 2007 or more recent) or .doc format (older Word versions)
  • Abbreviations should be defined at first mention and used consistently thereafter.
  • Footnotes may be used to give additional information, which may include the citation of a reference included in the reference list. They should not consist solely of a reference citation, and they should never include the bibliographic details of a reference. They should not contain any figures of tables.
  • Footnotes, when used, must be numbered consecutively.
  • Acknowledgements of people, grants, funds, etc. should be placed in a separate section on the title page. The names of funding organizations should be written in full.
  • References


    Cite references in the text by name and year in parenthesis. Some examples:

  • The initial intervention was effective (Smith, 2021).
  • This result was later confirmed by Arons and Hall (2022).
  • This effect has been the subject of much research (Ammons, 1998; Kerney & Uris, 2004; McDonald et al., 2015; Zika et al., 2019)
  • Authors must follow official APA version 7 guidelines on the number of authors included in the reference list entries (i.e., include all authors up to 20; for larger groups, list the first 19 names followed by an ellipsis and the final author’s name).

    Reference List

    The list of references should only include works that are cited in the text and that have been published or accepted for publication. Personal communications and unpublished works should only be mentioned in the text when used. References should not be listed unless they are cited in the text.

    Reference list entries must be alphabetized by the last names of the first author of each work.

    Journal names and book titles should be italicized.

    If available, please always include DOIs and full DOI links in your reference list (e.g., https://doi.org/abc).


  • All tables are to be numbered using Arabic numerals.
  • Tables should be always be cited in the text in consecutive numerical order.
  • For each table, please supply a table caption (title) explaining the components of the table.
  • Identify any previously published material by giving the original source in the form of a reference at the end of the table caption.
  • Footnotes to tables should be indicated by superscript lower-case letters (or asterisks for significant values and other statistical data) and included beneath the table body.
  • Artwork and Illustrations Guidelines

    Electronic Figure Submission

  • Supply all figures electronically.
  • Indicate what graphics program was used to create the artwork.
  • Vector graphics containing fonts must have the fonts embedded in the files.
  • Name your figure files with "Fig" and the figure number, e.g. Fig1.eps.
  • Figure Numbering and Captions

  • All figures should be numbered using Arabic numerals.
  • Figures should always be cited in the text in consecutive numerical order.
  • Figure parts should be denoted by lowercase letters (a, b, c, etc.).
  • If an appendix appears in your article and it contains one or more figures, continue the consecutive numbering of the main text. Do not number the appendix figures, ("A1, A2, A3, etc."
  • Each figure should have a concise caption describing accurately what the figure depicts. Include captions in the text file of the manuscript, not the figure file.
  • Figure captions begin with the term Fig. in bold type, followed by the figure number, also in bold type.
  • No punctuation is to be included after the number, nor is any punctuation to be placed at the end of the caption.
  • Identify previously published material by giving the original source in the form of a reference citation at the end of the figure caption.
  • Figures should be submitted separately from text, if possible.
  • When preparing your figures, size figures to fit in the column width.
  • Accessibility

    In order for people of all ability to have access to the content of your figures, please make sure that:

  • All figures have descriptive captions (blind users could then use a text-to-speech software or a text-to-Braille hardware)
  • Patterns are used instead of, or in addition to, colors for conveying information (colorblind users would then be able to distinguish the visual elements)
  • Any figure lettering has a contrast ratio of at least 4.5:1.
  • Supplementary Information (SI)

    JAD encourages authors to submit data or accessibility information of data as supplementary information when possible and if the author maintains the rights to such data.


  • Supply all supplementary material in standard file formats
  • Please include in each file the following information: article title; journal name; author names; affiliation and e-mail address of the corresponding author.
  • To accommodate user downloads, please keep in mind that larger-sized files may require very long download times and that some users may experience other problems during downloading.
  • High resolution (streamable quality) videos can be submitted up to a maximum of 25 GB; low resolutions videos should not be larger than 5 GB.
  • Text and Presentation

  • Submit your material in PDF format, as .doc or .ppt files are not suitable for long term viability.
  • A collection of figures may also be combined into a PDF file.
  • Spreadsheets

    Spreadsheets should be submitted as .csv or .xlsx files (MS Excel).

    Collecting Multiple Files

    It is possible to collect multiple files in a .zip file.


  • If supplying any supplementary material, the text must make specific mention of the material as a citation, simliar to that of figures and tables.
  • Refer to the supplementary files as "Online Resource", e.g., "…additional data are given in Online Resource 4".
  • Name the files consecutively, e.g., "ESM_4.pdf".
  • Captions

    For each supplementary material, please supple a concise caption describing the content of the file.

    Processing of Supplementary Files

    Supplementary Information (SI) will be published as received from the author without any conversion, editing, or reformatting.

    Important Notes

    JAD may use software to screen for plagiarism.

    Authors should make sure they have permissions for the use of software, questionnaires/(web) survey and scales in their studies (if appropriate).

    If there is suspicion of misbehavior or alleged fraud, JAD may carry out an investigation following COPE guidelines. If, after investigation, there are valid concerns, the author(s) will be contacted under their given e-mail addresses and given the opportunity to address the issue. Depending upon the situation, this may result in the following measures, including, but not limited to:

  • Rejection of the manuscript if still under consideration
  • if the article has already been published online, depending on the nature and severity of the infraction: an erratum/correction may be placed with the article; an expression of concern may be placed with the article; in severe cases, retraction of the article may occur.
  • The reason will be given in the published erratum/correction, expression of concern or retraction note. Please note that retraction means that the article is maintained on the platform, watermarked “retracted” and the explanation for the retraction is provided in a note linked to the watermarked article.

    The author's institution may be informed

    A notice of the suspected transgression of ethical standards in the peer review system may be included as part of the author's and article's bibliographic record.

    Fundamental Errors

    Authors have an obligation to correct mistakes once they discover a significant error (not simple typo) or inaccuracy in their published article. The author(s) is/are requested to contact the journal and identify the error and explain how it is impacting the article. A decision on how to correct the literature will depend on the nature of the error. This may be a correct or retraction. The retraction note should provide transparency about which parts of the article are impacted by the error.

    Suggesting / Excluding Reviewers

    Authors are encouraged to suggest suitable reviewers knowledgeable in the related area and/or request the exclusion of certain individuals when they submit their manuscripts. When suggesting reviewers, authors should make sure they are completely independent and not connected to the work in any way. It is strongly recommended to suggest a mix of reviewers from different institutions and countries. When suggesting a reviewer, the Corresponding Author should provide an institutional email address for each suggested reviewer. If this is not possible, the Corresponding Author should provide another means of verifying the identity of the suggested reviewer, such as a link to a personal homepage, publication recorder, or researcher or author ID. Please note that the journal may not use the suggestions, but suggestions are appreciated and may help facilitate the peer review process.